We have been researching the parameters for the evolution of specialist vehicle parking structures in a highly responsive multimodal hub for electric cars and autonomous vehicles as part of the government’s grand challenge for the future of mobility on ‘The Road to Zero’. The building will bulk store energy feeding it back to the grid through V2G demand response management using bi-directional flow. These structures are designed to service  fleet vehicles  and first and last mile carriers where parking might be an issue in densely populated cities.